How to disable RTLD_NOW for Python 2.7.x dlopen() in Mac OS X Mavericks?

tcwan99 at tcwan99 at
Thu Nov 14 02:08:24 CET 2013


I've tried searching for topics related to dlopen() of dynamic libraries in the list but there's nothing relevant or recent.

I'm facing a problem with a 3rd party C/C++ Framework (dynamic library) on Mac OS X which I'm trying to import into Python using ctypes. Unfortunately OS X has deprecated a function which is called from the Framework and is no longer available as of 10.8+ (Mtn. Lion, now updated to Mavericks). In addition, there is no recent version of the 3rd party framework available and it does not look like it's actively updated. (The 3rd party framework in question is the Fantom framework/driver for the LEGO Mindstorms NXT/EV3).

Existing tools using the 3rd party framework runs ok, but attempting to access it using ctypes fails with a Symbol not Found error when Python 2.7.x attempts to dlopen() the library. I suspect it is due to the setting of RTLD_NOW when opening the framework. I'd like to try to specify RTLD_LAZY instead.

Unfortunately sys.setdlopenflags(0) does not appear to do anything. RTLD_NOW is still set, which I presume overrides RTLD_LAZY if both flags were set. I've tried this with both the Apple supplied python and the version from MacPorts.

Enclosed is a snippet of the code and the Traceback. Is there a way to force RTLD_NOW off?


# Load library.
#dll = ctypes.cdll.LoadLibrary(libpath)
print "dlopen() flags = %d" % sys.getdlopenflags()
dll = ctypes.CDLL(libpath, RTLD_LAZY)



$ arch -i386 python --version
Python 2.7.5

$ arch -i386 python
Running on Darwin Platform (Rel. 13.0.0)
  Bluetooth Stack not supported (Rel >= 12.0.0)
Found Fantom Library ( /Library/Frameworks/fantom.framework/fantom )
dlopen() flags = 0
Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "", line 83, in <module>
    dll = ctypes.CDLL(libpath, RTLD_LAZY)
  File "/opt/local/Library/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/2.7/lib/python2.7/ctypes/", line 365, in __init__
    self._handle = _dlopen(self._name, mode)
OSError: dlopen(/Library/Frameworks/fantom.framework/fantom, 3): Symbol not found: _IOBluetoothSDPServiceRecordGetRFCOMMChannelID
  Referenced from: /Library/Frameworks/fantom.framework/fantom
  Expected in: /System/Library/Frameworks/IOBluetooth.framework/Versions/A/IOBluetooth


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