"Natural" use of cmp= in sort

Peter Otten __peter__ at web.de
Mon Nov 10 20:19:46 CET 2014


Paddy wrote:

> Hi, I do agree with                                                       
>                   Raymond H. about the relative merits of cmp= and key= in
> sort/sorted, but I decided to also not let natural uses of cmp= pass
> silently.
> 
> In answering this question, http://stackoverflow.com/a/26850434/10562
> about ordering subject to inequalities it seemed natural to use the cmp=
> argument of sort rather than key=.
> 
> The question is about merging given inequalities to make 1 inequality such
> that the inequalities also stays true.
> 
> 
> Here is a copy of my code:
> 
> Python 2.7.5 (default, May 15 2013, 22:43:36) [MSC v.1500 32 bit (Intel)]
> on win32 Type "copyright", "credits" or "license()" for more information.
>>>> ineq = """f4 > f2 > f3
> f4 > f1 > f3
> f4 > f2 > f1
> f2 > f1 > f3"""
>>>> print(ineq)
> f4 > f2 > f3
> f4 > f1 > f3
> f4 > f2 > f1
> f2 > f1 > f3
>>>> greater_thans, all_f = set(), set()
>>>> for line in ineq.split('\n'):
> ....tokens = line.strip().split()[::2]
> ....for n, t1 in enumerate(tokens[:-1]):
> ........for t2 in tokens[n+1:]:
> ............greater_thans.add((t1, t2))
> ............all_f.add(t1)
> ........all_f.add(t2)
> 
> 
>>>> sorted(all_f, cmp=lambda t1, t2: 0 if t1==t2 else
> ...........(1 if (t1, t2) not in greater_thans else -1))
> ['f4', 'f2', 'f1', 'f3']
>>>>

I'm not sure this works. I tried:

$ cat paddy.py
ineq = """f4 > f2 > f3
f4 > f1 > f3
f4 > f2 > f1
f2 > f1 > f3
f3 > f5
"""

greater_thans = set()
all_f = set()

for line in ineq.split('\n'):
    tokens = line.strip().split()[::2]
    for n, t1 in enumerate(tokens[:-1]):
        for t2 in tokens[n+1:]:
            greater_thans.add((t1, t2))
            all_f.add(t1)
        all_f.add(t2)

print all_f
print greater_thans

print sorted(all_f, cmp=lambda t1, t2: 0 if t1==t2 else 
            (1 if (t1, t2) not in greater_thans else -1))
$ PYTHONHASHSEED=0 python paddy.py 
set(['f1', 'f2', 'f3', 'f4', 'f5'])
set([('f1', 'f3'), ('f2', 'f1'), ('f2', 'f3'), ('f4', 'f3'), ('f4', 'f2'), 
('f4', 'f1'), ('f3', 'f5')])
['f4', 'f2', 'f1', 'f3', 'f5']
$ PYTHONHASHSEED=1 python paddy.py 
set(['f5', 'f4', 'f3', 'f2', 'f1'])
set([('f1', 'f3'), ('f2', 'f3'), ('f2', 'f1'), ('f4', 'f1'), ('f3', 'f5'), 
('f4', 'f3'), ('f4', 'f2')])
['f5', 'f4', 'f2', 'f1', 'f3']





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