Is there a canonical way to check whether an iterable is ordered?

Tim Chase python.list at tim.thechases.com
Thu Sep 18 16:32:15 CEST 2014


On 2014-09-18 08:58, Roy Smith wrote:
> I suspect what he meant was "How can I tell if I'm iterating over
> an ordered collection?", i.e. iterating over a list vs. iterating
> over a set.
> 
> list1 = [item for item in i]
> list2 = [item for item in i]
> 
> am I guaranteed that list1 == list2?  It will be for all the
> collections I can think of in the standard library,

For stdlib *collections*, yes, but if you're just talking generic
iterators, then it can become exhausted in the first:

  with open('example.txt') as f:
    list1 = [item for item in f]
    list2 = [item for item in f]
    assert list1 == list2, "Not equal"

The OP would have to track the meta-information regarding whether the
iterable was sorted.

At least for dicts, order is guaranteed by the specs as long as the
container isn't modified between iterations[1], but I don't see any
similar claim for sets.

You can always test the thing:

  def foo(iterable):
    if isinstance(iterable, (set, frozenset)):
      iterable = sorted(iterable)
    for thing in iterable:
      do_stuff(thing)    
    
but nothing prevents that from being called with an unsorted list.

That said, sorting in the stdlib is pretty speedy on pre-sorted lists,
so I'd just start by sorting whatever it is that you have, unless
you're positive it's already sorted.

-tkc

[1]
https://docs.python.org/2/library/stdtypes.html#dict.items





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