AssertionError (3.X only) when calling Py_Finalize with threads

Tom Kent teeks99 at gmail.com
Thu Jan 8 17:11:43 CET 2015


I'm getting an error output when I call the C-API's Py_Finalize() from a different C-thread than I made a python call on.

The error I'm seeing is:
Exception ignored in: <module 'threading' from 'C:\\Python34-32\\Lib\\threading.py'>
Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "C:\Python34-32\Lib\threading.py", line 1289, in _shutdown
    assert tlock.locked()
AssertionError:


Here's a minimal example that shows it happening when a C-thread is used, but not when everything happens on a single c-thread:

----------main.cpp--------------
#include <iostream>
#include <fstream>
#include <thread>
#include <cassert>

#include <Python.h>

void make_file()
{
   std::fstream file("my_test.py", std::ios::out);
   file << 
      "import threading\n"   << 
      "def my_function():\n" << 
      "    pass\n"             ;
   file.close();
}

void exec()
{
   PyGILState_STATE gstate = PyGILState_Ensure();
   PyObject* pdict = PyDict_New();
   PyDict_SetItemString(pdict, "__builtins__", PyEval_GetBuiltins());

   PyRun_String("import my_test", Py_file_input, pdict, pdict);
   PyRun_String("my_test.my_function()", Py_file_input, pdict, pdict);
   assert(!PyErr_Occurred());
   PyGILState_Release(gstate);
}

void basic()
{
   std::cout << "--Starting Basic--" << std::endl;

   Py_Initialize();
   PyEval_InitThreads();
   PyThreadState* threadState = PyEval_SaveThread();

   exec();

   PyEval_RestoreThread(threadState);
   Py_Finalize();

   std::cout << "--Basic Complete--" << std::endl;
}

void with_thread()
{
   std::cout << "--Starting With Thread--" << std::endl;

   Py_Initialize();
   PyEval_InitThreads();
   PyThreadState* threadState = PyEval_SaveThread();

   std::thread t(exec);
   t.join();

   PyEval_RestoreThread(threadState);
   Py_Finalize();

   std::cout << "--With Thread Complete--" << std::endl;
}

int main(int argc, char* argv[])
{
   make_file();
   basic();
   with_thread();

   return 0;
}
----------main.cpp--------------

----------output----------
--Starting Basic--
--Basic Complete--
--Starting With Thread--
Exception ignored in: <module 'threading' from 'C:\\Python34-32\\Lib\\threading.py'>
Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "C:\Python34-32\Lib\threading.py", line 1289, in _shutdown
    assert tlock.locked()
AssertionError:
--With Thread Complete--
----------output----------

The order of the basic()/with_thread() calls in main does not matter, I can even include those lines multiple times with no affect, each with_thread() call results in the error output.

Thanks,
Tom Kent



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