How to decipher error "Nonetype" Error

Chris Angelico rosuav at
Thu Sep 3 00:28:45 CEST 2015

On Thu, Sep 3, 2015 at 8:15 AM, kbtyo <ahlusar.ahluwalia at> wrote:
> However, when I hit line 40 (referencing the gist), I receive the following error:
> ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
> TypeError                                 Traceback (most recent call last)
> <ipython-input-56-4eff0a608e19> in <module>()
>      23         # to ensure that the field names in the XML don't match (and override) the
>      24         # field names already in the dictionary
> ---> 25         row.update(xml_data)
>      26         # ensure that the headers have all the right fields
>      27         headers.update(row.keys())
> TypeError: 'NoneType' object is not iterable
> I can only infer I am passing or converting an empty key or empty row. I welcome feedback.

NoneType is the type of the singleton object None. So what this means
is that xml_data is None at this point.

In your just_xml_data() function, which is what provides xml_data at
that point, there are two code branches that matter here: one is the
"else: return xml", and the other is the implicit "return None" at the
end of the function. If you catch an exception, you print out a
message and then allow the function to return None. Is that really
your intention? It seems an odd way to do things, but if that is what
you want, you'll need to cope with the None return in the main

BTW, your gist has a couple of non-comments on lines 48 and 49. If you
can make sure that your code is functionally correct, it'll be easier
for us to test. (Even more so if you can include a sample input file
in the gist, though preferably not a huge one.) At the moment, I'm
just eyeballing the code itself, but if someone can actually run the
script and reproduce the exact error you're seeing, it makes debugging
that much easier.

All the best!


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