how to get the list form dictionary's values

Chris Angelico rosuav at
Sun Feb 21 10:01:37 EST 2016

On Mon, Feb 22, 2016 at 1:15 AM, Ho Yeung Lee <davidbenny2000 at> wrote:
> Hi Chris,
> 0 ---> 2 --> 3--> 1 ---> 0
>         ---> 4 /
> i am practicing task flow in this graph situation
> when current state is 2 , there are 3 and 4 to run parallel and wait list of tasks finish before running to 1 ,
> however i feel that my code has been wrong because 3 and 4 can not combine to run task 1 ,
> which is the correct way to combine to run task 1?

So after task 2 completes, tasks 3 and 4 both become available (and
can run in parallel), but then task 1 must wait until both have
finished before it runs? I'm not an asyncio expert, but this sounds
like a fairly straight-forward dependency requirement. If you were to
implement these as four separate threads, you would have threads 3 and
4 raise semaphores which thread 1 blocks on; I'm sure there'll be an
equivalent in asyncio.

One way to do it would be something like this:

import asyncio

loop = asyncio.get_event_loop()

async def starter():
    global t1, t2
    t1 = asyncio.Task(dep1())
    t2 = asyncio.Task(dep2())
    await dependent()

async def dep1():
    print("Dependency 1")
    await asyncio.sleep(3)
    print("Dep 1 done.")

async def dep2():
    print("Dependency 2")
    await asyncio.sleep(2)
    print("Dep 2 done.")

async def dependent():
    await t1
    await t2
    print("Deps are done - dependent can run.")


The dependent task simply waits for each of its dependencies in turn.
It doesn't matter which one finishes first; it won't do its main work
until both are done. And if your starter and dependent are logically
connected, you can just have the 'await' lines in the middle of one
tidy function.

(Can an asyncio expert tell me how to tidy this code up, please? I'm
sure this isn't the cleanest.)


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