Clickable hyperlinks

Chris Angelico rosuav at
Wed Jan 4 17:49:14 EST 2017

On Thu, Jan 5, 2017 at 9:58 AM, Deborah Swanson
<python at> wrote:
> Chris Angelico wrote, on January 04, 2017 4:16 AM
>> This uses the 'webbrowser' module, which knows about a number
>> of different ways to open a browser, and will attempt them
>> all. So if you can figure out the UI part of things, actually
>> making the link pop up in a browser isn't too hard; for
>> instance, if you're doing OAuth at the command line and need
>> the user to go and authenticate, you can simply
>>"http://......./") and it'll DTRT.
> Thank you, thank you! Finally, at least one person on this list knows
> about something (anything) in the python world that is internet aware.
> It's also occurred to me that Beautifulsoup downloads data from a url,
> so that code must have access to some kind of an internet engine too.

We've been all talking at cross purposes a bit in this thread. Most of us 
thought you were talking about the *user interface* of a clickable link, but if 
you're talking about the *mechanics* of HTTP downloads, Python has excellent 
facilities. I'd recommend checking out the third-party 'requests' module on 

> I googled antigravity and found a number of interesting links.
> The History of Python: import antigravity
> Among other things, it was added to Python 3 in 2010, so it's been
> around a little while. And a comment mentions that "The antigravity
> module is also included in Python 2.7."
> And a reddit poster tells us that "if you type 'import antigravity' into
> a Python command line your default browser opens the XKCD comic 'Python'
> in a tab."
> _import_antigravity_into_a_python/
> An "import antigravity" video at

Hehe, yeah. It's a big joke that started because XKCD mentioned the language. 
But actually, the source code for itself isn't significant; all 
it does is call on the webbrowser module:

> Yes, I'd gotten as far as figuring out that you don't need a clickable
> link. Code that opens a url in a browse would do the job just fine. Or
> the"http://......./") in a Linux terminal you suggest.
> (I just have to get my Linux machine up and running again to try it.)
> All in all, given that clickable urls in a console is a non-starter,
> this hits the nail on the head. Many thanks again!

Cool! Glad I could help out a bit. There are a few different things you can 

1) Open up a browser tab and let the user see the result 2) Make the request 
programmatically and access the text of the page for further processing
3) Invoke a hidden web browser, browse to a URL, submit form data, etc, as a 
means of testing a web server.

All three are possible. Take your pick!


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