Emulating Final classes in Python

Ethan Furman ethan at stoneleaf.us
Tue Jan 17 02:25:58 EST 2017

On 01/16/2017 11:05 PM, Steven D'Aprano wrote:
> I wish to emulate a "final" class using Python, similar to bool:
> py> class MyBool(bool):
> ...     pass
> ...
> Traceback (most recent call last):
>    File "<stdin>", line 1, in <module>
> TypeError: type 'bool' is not an acceptable base type
> It doesn't have to be absolutely bulletproof, but anyone wanting to subclass my
> class should need to work for it, which hopefully will tell them that they're
> doing something unsupported.
> Any hints?

Use a metaclass.  Have the metaclass create the first one, and refuse to make any others.


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