[Tutor] Generating HTML

Danny Yoo dyoo at hkn.eecs.berkeley.edu
Fri Oct 1 22:58:26 CEST 2004

On Fri, 1 Oct 2004, Tony Cappellini wrote:

> It seems as though there is some support for reading and parsing HTML,
> in htmllib and HTMLParser, but are there any tools in the python
> distributions for generating html?

Hi Tony,

Pydoc does HTML generation on the fly; I wonder how it does it!  Let's

class HTMLDoc(Doc):
    """Formatter class for HTML documentation."""
    [some text cut]

    def page(self, title, contents):
        """Format an HTML page."""
        return '''
<!doctype html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN">
<html><head><title>Python: %s</title>
</head><body bgcolor="#f0f0f8">
</body></html>''' % (title, contents)

They hardcode it, and use simple string interpolation.  That's a simple
approach, and might be suitable for what you're doing.

As far as third-party modules go, there's HTMLGen:


You can also generate XHTML with the xml.sax.XMLGenerator helper module:

>>> import xml.sax.saxutils
>>> from StringIO import StringIO
>>> myfile = StringIO()
>>> xmlwriter = xml.sax.saxutils.XMLGenerator(out=myfile)
>>> xmlwriter.startDocument()
>>> xmlwriter.startElement("html", {})
>>> xmlwriter.startElement("p", {})
>>> xmlwriter.characters("Hello world!")
>>> xmlwriter.endElement("p")
>>> xmlwriter.endElement("html")
>>> myfile.getvalue()
'<?xml version="1.0" encoding="iso-8859-1"?>\n<html><p>Hello

And XMLGenerator guarantees that all the proper string escaping is being
done.  So I don't have to worry about silly things like escaping the less
than symbol or ampersand symbols.  In the simpler string-interpolation
approach that we used at the beginning, we'd have to worry about that sort
of stuff.

But this is a primitive way to generate XHTML, though; I'm sure that there
are nicer packages out there.  I did a Google search and came up with:


Good luck to you!

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