# [Tutor] 2-D array to string

Eli Brosh ebrosh at nana10.co.il
Fri Nov 23 16:43:21 CET 2007

```Thank you very much Evert.
a=numpy.array([[100,2,3],[4,5,6],[7,8,9]])
s=repr(a).replace('array',' ')
s='      '+''.join([ c for c in s if c not in ('(', ')','[',']',',')])
print s

This gave the correct result.
So, the problem is solved.

The reason I wanted the array to be converted to string format is that I use such strings as an input to another program.
The easiest thing so far, was to copy them from the MATLAB console.
Now, I have the same functionality in python, without '[' that appear if I just use:
print a

Thanks
Eli

-----הודעה מקורית-----
מאת: Evert Rol [mailto:evert.rol at gmail.com]
נשלח: ו 11/23/2007 16:24
אל: Eli Brosh
עותק לידיעה: tutor at python.org
נושא: Re: [Tutor] 2-D array to string

> I am starting to use pylab/numpy/scipy instead of MATLAB.
> I now have a real beginners question (I think it is not really
> related to numpy)
> I have a two-dimensional array
> a=[[1,2,3],[4, 5, 6],[7,8,9]]
>
> Is there a simple way to turn it into a multiline string ?
>
> That is, turn a into:
> s='''1 2 3 \n 4 5 6 \n 7 8 9'''
>

Not a really easy way that I know of, but several solutions I can
think of:
- turning the Python double list into a numpy array gives a multiline
string, although differently formatted:
>>> repr(numpy.array(a))
'array([[1, 2, 3],\n       [4, 5, 6],\n       [7, 8, 9]])'

- Using a double list comprehension can work:
>>> '\n'.join([' '.join(str(aaa) for aaa in aa) for aa in a])
'1 2 3\n4 5 6\n7 8 9'

- You could use a regular expression to alter the numpy
representation or the default Python representation into what you want.

- you could subclass the (numpy) array object and alter the __str__
or __repr__ functions for convenience, although this may be bit overdone

There's probably a few more, perhaps even more elegant, that other
people on the list may come up with.

But is there a specific reason you'd want it in this format, and not
the default Python or numpy format? Perhaps you're writing data to a
file?

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