# [Tutor] operator, mult

col speed ajarncolin at gmail.com
Thu Jan 29 05:30:35 CET 2009

```This is a way of finding how many coprimes there are for a number - eg 144

How many positive numbers less than or equal to 144 are relatively prime to
144?

Factor 144 = 2 4 × 3 2 .

Use the formula for each prime:

>From 2 4 , we get 2 - 1 = 1 and 2 4 - 1 = 2 3 = 8.

>From 3 2 , we get 3 - 1 = 2 and 3 2 - 1 = 3 1 = 3.

Multiply these numbers together to get the answer. 1 × 8 × 2 × 3 = 48.

What I expected  "mult" to do was (somehow)to work out  what the *powers* of
the prime factors would be. Another reason I didn't think it was "mul" is
the part that says "  prime_factors_mult(n)" as the prime_factors function
is just "prime_factors(n)" - without the "_mult".

The website is

I've attached a script that *should *work out the number of coprimes of 144

information as syou have replied, but I think I'll leave it until I
understand a bit more - I'm biting off more than I can chew.*

Message: 6
Date: Wed, 28 Jan 2009 08:29:09 -0000
From: "Alan Gauld" <alan.gauld at btinternet.com>
Subject: Re: [Tutor] operator, mult
To: tutor at python.org
Message-ID: <glp50q\$3tb\$1 at ger.gmane.org>
Content-Type: text/plain; format=flowed; charset="iso-8859-1";

"col speed" <ajarncolin at gmail.com> wrote

> I got the following function while googling:
>
> def totient(n):
>    from operator import mult
>    if n == 1: return 1
>    return reduce(mult, [(p-1) * p**(m-1) for p,m in
> prime_factors_mult(n)])
>
> I already have the "prime_factors" function. The problem is that I
> cannot
> find "mult".

Given it says mult is in operators then it must be (or have been
in a previous version) a standard Python operator that is intended.
Did it menton which version of Python was used? Is it an old site?

> I tried using "mul" which is in "operator" but that is
> obviously not the same thing.

How so? What did it do?

>>> from operator import mul
>>> reduce(mul,[1,2,3,4])
24

Does what I would expect it to do... What do you think mult should do?

Alan G
-------------- next part --------------
An HTML attachment was scrubbed...
URL: <http://mail.python.org/pipermail/tutor/attachments/20090129/ea27154d/attachment.htm>
-------------- next part --------------
A non-text attachment was scrubbed...
Name: totientmult.py
Type: text/x-python
Size: 862 bytes
Desc: not available
URL: <http://mail.python.org/pipermail/tutor/attachments/20090129/ea27154d/attachment.py>
```