[Tutor] Masked arrays & scipy.ndimage.<filters>

Koen De Munter koendemunter at hotmail.com
Fri Jun 1 15:16:06 CEST 2012



----------------------------------------
> Date: Fri, 1 Jun 2012 18:50:15 +1000
> From: steve at pearwood.info
> To: tutor at python.org
> Subject: Re: [Tutor] Masked arrays & scipy.ndimage.<filters>
>
> Koen De Munter wrote:
>> Dear tutors,
>>
>> Given an image, I want to generate another image with the mean values of
>> the pixels in their neighbourhood, thereby ignoring some of the
>> neighbouring pixels (e.g. the padded boundary). I hoped I could use
>> masked arrays for that, but apparently, this does not work.
>
> Define "does not work".
>
> Do you get an exception? Your computer crashes? You get a result, but it's not
> the result you were expecting? Something else?
>
>
>
>> --
>> def fnc(buffer)
>> return numpy.mean(buffer)
>
>> mean = scipy.ndimage.generic_filter(masked_array, fnc, footprint = f, mode = 'constant', cval = 0.0)
>
>
> scipy, even more than numpy, is a fairly specialised library. You may have
> better luck asking this question on a dedicated scipy mailing list.
>
>> Is there a way to get around this issue, or do I have to accept the filter function can not handle masked arrays?
>
> What does the documentation for generic_filter say?
>
> What happens if you test it with a really small, simple example, say an array
> of just five or six values? Can you show us what you expect to get and what
> you actually get?
>
>
>
> --
> Steven
>
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Hi Steven,


Thanks for your reply.

1) "does not work"
------------------
With this I mean that each time, all pixels belonging to the neighbourhood are involved in the calculation of the mean value.
My neighbourhood is a circle, defined in a binary square footprint array (1 = neighbourhood, 0 = not neighbourhood).
With
 a masked array, I aim to command the filter method as follows: "ignore 
those pixels that are identified by the mask array as 'invalid'".
But,
 it seems the generic_method doesn't work with masked arrays: it only 
takes account for the data part of a masked array, not the mask part.
So: result is not what I expect to get.

For the bigger story I can refer to the following link:
http://stackoverflow.com/questions/10683596/efficiently-calculating-boundary-adapted-neighbourhood-average

2) A small example
------------------
d = array([[0, 0, 0, 0],[0, 1, 6, 0],[0, 0, 0, 0]]) #this represents an image array [1, 6], surrounded by zeroes
d = d.astype(float)
m = array([[1, 1, 1, 1],[1, 0, 0, 1],[1, 1, 1, 1]]) #the ones in the mask have a meaning of 'invalid'
md = numpy.ma.masked_array(d, mask = m)

f = array([[0, 1, 0],[1, 1, 1],[0, 1, 0]]) #small footprint

def fnc(buffer):
    return numpy.mean(buffer)

avg = scipy.ndimage.generic_filter(md, fnc, footprint = f, mode = 'constant', cval = 0.0)

--> what I expect to get:
    array([[ 0. ,  1. ,  6. ,  0. ],
                 [ 1. ,  3.5,  3.5,  6. ],
                 [ 0. ,  1. ,  6. ,  0. ]])


--> what I actually get:
array([[ 0. ,  0.2,  1.2,  0. ],
       [ 0.2,  1.4,  1.4,  1.2],
       [ 0. ,  0.2,  1.2,  0. ]])

Footprint f has 5 elements. I expect this number to change according to the number of elements that should be ignored.
But that doesn't. The code as I presented above always calculates the mean of the full 5 members of the footprint/neighbourhood.


Regards,
Koen



 		 	   		  


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