[Tutor] 2.7.3 generator objects
eryksun at gmail.com
Sun Sep 2 08:57:09 CEST 2012
On Sun, Sep 2, 2012 at 1:44 AM, Ray Jones <crawlzone at gmail.com> wrote:
> I was playing with os.walk today. I can use os.walk in a for loop (does
> that make it an iterator or just an irritable? ^_^),
The output from os.walk is a generator, which is an iterator. os.walk
actually calls itself recursively, creating a chain of generators.
Take a look:
> os.walk to 'test' (test = os.walk(<path>)), that variable becomes a
> generator object that does not work in a for loop.
You'll have to provide more information. That should work fine if you
haven't already exhausted the generator.
> it's supposed to work in a generator function using 'yield', but I'm at
> a loss at how that all works.
> I suppose I should just stick with using the os.walk in the for loop,
> but I'd like to make sense of the whole thing. Please someone explain
> this to me?
A generator function is a function that uses the keyword "yield"
instead of "return" (an empty return statement is allowed). When you
call a generator function, the return value is a generator object.
Think of the generator function as a factory for generator objects. A
return in the generator function (implicit or with a "return"
statement) corresponds to the generator object raising StopIteration.
A generator object is an iterator. Specifically, it has the methods
__iter__ and "next" (in 3.x it's __next__), and "iter(genobject) is
To be an iterable in general, it suffices to have either an __iter__
method or a __getitem__ method. Here are the glossary definitions:
Also, here is the PEP for simple generators:
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