# [Tutor] Getting range of a list

Hs Hs ilhs_hs at yahoo.com
Tue Feb 5 22:48:10 CET 2013

```Thanks Steve.

But one question, when I print, I get extra empty lines. How to get rid of them!  Thanks again.
>>> f = open('test')
>>> head = '---'
>>> for line in f:
if line.startswith('>'):
else:

X1A
<------
X1G
<-----
X2A

X2G

X3A

X3G

X4A

X4A

Thanks
Hs.

________________________________
From: Steven D'Aprano <steve at pearwood.info>
To: tutor at python.org
Sent: Tuesday, February 5, 2013 4:28 PM
Subject: Re: [Tutor] Getting range of a list

On 06/02/13 08:08, Hs Hs wrote:

> Here is what I do :
>>>> f1 = open('test','r')
>>>> da = f1.read().split('\n')
>>>> dat = da[:-1]
>>>> dat
>>>> mpos = []
>
>>>> for i in range(len(dat)):
> if dat[i].startswith('>'):
> mpos.append(i)
>
>>>> mpos
> [0, 3, 6, 9]
>
>>>> for item in range(len(mpos)):
> start = mpos[item]
> enda = item+1
> end  = mpos[enda]-1
> head = dat[start]
> block  = dat[start+1:end]
> for i in block:

You are thinking like a C programmer, not a Python programmer. You should almost never need to iterate over a range of numbers like this.

Instead, try something like this:

f = open('test')
for line in f:
if line.startswith('>'):
head = line[1:].rstrip()  # remove trailing newline
else:
print head + '\t' + line

f.close()

In general, you should iterate over collections of data directly. For example:

# WRONG
for i in range(len(data)):
x = data[i]
print x

# RIGHT
for x in data:
print x

# WRONG
for i in range(len(data)):
x = data[i]
if x == 'spam':
data[i] = 'ham'

# RIGHT
for i, x in enumerate(data):
if x == 'spam':
data[i] = 'ham'

Hope this helps.

-- Steven
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