[Tutor] masking library files

Danny Yoo dyoo at hashcollision.org
Thu Apr 10 20:44:43 CEST 2014

On Wed, Apr 9, 2014 at 7:17 AM,  <ugajin at talktalk.net> wrote:
> Is it common for files saved to a working directory to 'mask' library files
> located in the Python framework?

Hi ugajin,

To come back to your original question: yes, unfortunately this
happens.  I think it's a flaw in the language.

There are steps to mitigate the problem, some by convention, some by
using newer features in Python.

Certain style guidelines dictate that module import never use relative
paths, but rather use one rooted at the toplevel package directory.

As a concrete example, see Google Python style guidelines on how to do imports:


This is odd at first, but it has the intent of avoiding module
collision.  The basic idea is to have all your code packaged, and
always use the unique package as a namespace to avoid collision with
the standard library.

So if you have modules m1, m2 in package p, and m1 wants to import m2,
then we say:

     import p.m2

Other mitigation strategies include using explicit-relative imports:


but I think the convention approach is a little easier to handle.

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