# [Tutor] Making Doubly Linked List with Less Lines of Code.

Steven D'Aprano steve at pearwood.info
Wed Dec 24 22:56:05 CET 2014

```On Wed, Dec 24, 2014 at 04:35:06PM -0500, WolfRage wrote:
> I wrote some code recently to make a linked list of Nodes for a 2d
> graph, so it consists of rows and columns. Now I wanted to make the code
> support being doubly linked, forwards and backwards.  The difficult part
> of this is that the links are per row and per column. But the code I
> think is overly bloated. I am currently working on reducing the
> complexity of it. If any one has the time to look at it, if you have
> ideas for how I can re-write it to be much smaller I would appreciate
> the information. If you need more code let me know, but I tried to
> condense it since this singular function is around 325 lines of code.

Wow. It certainly is bloated.

I don't have time to look at it in any detail right now, as it is
Christmas Day here, but I'll give you a suggestion. Any time you find
yourself writing more than two numbered variables, like this:

>         previous_col0_node = None
>         previous_col1_node = None
>         previous_col2_node = None
>         previous_col3_node = None
>         previous_col4_node = None
>         previous_col5_node = None
>         previous_col6_node = None
>         previous_col7_node = None

previous_col_nodes = [None]*8

Then, instead of code like this:

>                     if col == 0:
>                         self.col0 = current_node
>                         previous_col0_node = current_node
>                     elif col == 1:
>                         self.col1 = current_node
>                         previous_col1_node = current_node
>                     elif col == 2:
>                         self.col2 = current_node
>                         previous_col2_node = current_node
etc.

you can just write:

for col in range(number_of_columns):
self.columns[col] = current_node
previous_col_nodes[col] = current_node

Look for the opportunity to write code like this instead of using range:

for col, the_column in enumerate(self.columns):
self.columns[col] = process(the_column)

Any time you write more than a trivial amount of code twice, you should
move it into a function. Then, instead of:

if row == 0:
if col == 0: a
elif col == 1: b
elif col == 2: c
elif col == 3: d
elif col == 4: e
elif row == 1:
if col == 0: a
elif col == 1: b
elif col == 2: c
elif col == 3: d
elif col == 4: e
elif row == 3:
# same again

you can write a function:

def process_cell(row, col):
if col == 0: a
elif col == 1: b
elif col == 2: c
elif col == 3: d
elif col == 4: e

# later on

for row in rows:
for col in cols:
process_cell(row, col)

Try those suggestions, and come back to us if you still need help.

--
Steven
```