[Tutor] Searching through files for values

Jason Brown zerokey at gmail.com
Fri Aug 14 06:07:30 CEST 2015

(accidentally replied directly to Cameron)

Thanks, Cameron.  It looks like that value_file.close() tab was
accidentally tabbed when I pasted the code here.  Thanks for the suggestion
for using 'with' though!  That's will be handy.

To test, I tried manually specifying the list:

vals = [ 'value1', 'value2', 'value3' ]

And I still get the same issue.  Only the first value in the list is looked


On Thu, Aug 13, 2015 at 7:32 PM, Cameron Simpson <cs at zip.com.au> wrote:

> On 13Aug2015 16:48, Jason Brown <zerokey at gmail.com> wrote:
>> I'm trying to search for list values in a set of files.  The goal is to
>> generate a list of lists that can later be sorted.  I can only get a match
>> on the first value in the list:
>> contents of value_file:
>> value1
>> value2
>> value3
>> ...
>> The desired output is:
>> file1 value1
>> file1 value2
>> file2 value3
>> file3 value1
>> ...
>> Bit it's only matching on the first item in vals, so the result is:
>> file1 value1
>> file3 value1
>> The subsequent values are not searched.
> Rhat is because the subsequent values are never loaded:
> filenames = [list populated with filenames in a dir tree]
>> vals = []
>> value_file = open(vars)
>> for i in value_file:
>>    vals.append(i.strip())
>>    value_file.close()
> You close value_file inside the loop i.e. immediately after the first
> value.  Because the file is closed, the loop iteration stops.  You need to
> close it
> outside the loop (after all the values have been loaded):
>    value_file = open(vars)
>    for i in value_file:
>        vals.append(i.strip())
>    value_file.close()
> It is worth noting that a better way to write this is:
>    with open(vars) as value_file:
>        for i in value_file:
>            vals.append(i.strip())
> Notice that there is no .close(). The "with" construct is the pynthon
> syntax to use a context manager, and "open(vars)" returns an open file,
> which is also a context manager. A context manager has enter and exit
> actions which fire unconditionally at the start and end of the "with", even
> if the with is exited with an exception or a control like "return" or
> "break".
> The benefit of this is after the "with", the file will _always" get
> closed. It is also shorter and easier to read.
> for file_list in filenames:
>>    with open(file_list) as files:
>>         for items in vals:
>>             for line in files:
>>                 if items in line:
>>                     print file_list, line
> I would remark that "file_list" is not a great variable name. Many people
> would read it as implying that its value is a list. Personally I would have
> just called it "filename", the singular of your "filenames".
> Cheers,
> Cameron Simpson <cs at zip.com.au>
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