[Tutor] Subtract a 1D Array from a 2D Array
Stephen P. Molnar
s.molnar at sbcglobal.net
Sat May 13 12:59:19 EDT 2017
On 05/13/2017 11:16 AM, eryk sun wrote:
> On Sat, May 13, 2017 at 1:33 PM, Stephen P. Molnar
> <s.molnar at sbcglobal.net> wrote:
>> I am using Python 3.6 in Anaconda3 Spyder IDE.
>>
>> I have two arrays:
>>
>> X Y Z
>> a
>> 0 0 0
>> 2.059801 0 0
>> -1.203126 3.402953 0
>> -1.108639 -1.567853 2.715601
>> -0.938564 -1.32733 -2.299003
>> a_c
>> 0.4283375 0.91755 0.208299
>>
>> and want to subtract the value of the value of each column or the array a_c
>> from the each value in the corresponding column of array c.
>>
>> Trying a_mm = a - a_c where a_mm is the new array results in the error
>> message:
>>
>> ValueError: operands could not be broadcast together with shapes (3,5) (1,3)
>>
>> My search for a solution has not been successful.
>
> You've presented array `a` as if it's 5x3, but the error says it's
> 3x5. If it were actually 5x3, there would be no problem:
>
> import numpy as np
>
> a = np.array([[0, 0, 0],
> [2.059801, 0, 0],
> [-1.203126, 3.402953, 0],
> [-1.108639, -1.567853, 2.715601],
> [-0.938564, -1.32733, -2.299003]])
>
> a_c = np.array([[0.4283375, 0.91755, 0.208299]])
>
> >>> a.shape
> (5, 3)
> >>> a_c.shape
> (1, 3)
> >>> a - a_c
> array([[-0.4283375, -0.91755 , -0.208299 ],
> [ 1.6314635, -0.91755 , -0.208299 ],
> [-1.6314635, 2.485403 , -0.208299 ],
> [-1.5369765, -2.485403 , 2.507302 ],
> [-1.3669015, -2.24488 , -2.507302 ]])
>
> You can use the transpose of either array. For example, use `a.T` to
> get the same number of columns, or use `a_c.T` to get the same number
> of rows.
>
That solved the problem.
Many thanks.
--
Stephen P. Molnar, Ph.D. Life is a fuzzy set
www.molecular-modeling.net Stochastic and multivariate
(614)312-7528 (c)
Skype: smolnar1
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