This is a suggestion that comes up periodically here or on python-dev. This proposal introduces a way to bind a temporary name to the value of an expression, which can then be used elsewhere in the current statement.
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PEP: 572 Title: Syntax for Statement-Local Name Bindings Author: Chris Angelico firstname.lastname@example.org Status: Draft Type: Standards Track Content-Type: text/x-rst Created: 28-Feb-2018 Python-Version: 3.8 Post-History: 28-Feb-2018
Programming is all about reusing code rather than duplicating it. When an expression needs to be used twice in quick succession but never again, it is convenient to assign it to a temporary name with very small scope. By permitting name bindings to exist within a single statement only, we make this both convenient and safe against collisions.
When an expression is used multiple times in a list comprehension, there are currently several suboptimal ways to spell this, and no truly good ways. A statement-local name allows any expression to be temporarily captured and then used multiple times.
Syntax and semantics ====================
In any context where arbitrary Python expressions can be used, a named expression can appear. This must be parenthesized for clarity, and is of the form `(expr as NAME)` where `expr` is any valid Python expression, and `NAME` is a simple name.
The value of such a named expression is the same as the incorporated expression, with the additional side-effect that NAME is bound to that value for the remainder of the current statement.
Just as function-local names shadow global names for the scope of the function, statement-local names shadow other names for that statement. They can also shadow each other, though actually doing this should be strongly discouraged in style guides.
Example usage =============
These list comprehensions are all approximately equivalent::
# Calling the function twice stuff = [[f(x), f(x)] for x in range(5)]
# Helper function def pair(value): return [value, value] stuff = [pair(f(x)) for x in range(5)]
# Inline helper function stuff = [(lambda v: [v,v])(f(x)) for x in range(5)]
# Extra 'for' loop - see also Serhiy's optimization stuff = [[y, y] for x in range(5) for y in [f(x)]]
# Expanding the comprehension into a loop stuff =  for x in range(5): y = f(x) stuff.append([y, y])
# Using a statement-local name stuff = [[(f(x) as y), y] for x in range(5)]
If calling `f(x)` is expensive or has side effects, the clean operation of the list comprehension gets muddled. Using a short-duration name binding retains the simplicity; while the extra `for` loop does achieve this, it does so at the cost of dividing the expression visually, putting the named part at the end of the comprehension instead of the beginning.
Statement-local name bindings can be used in any context, but should be avoided where regular assignment can be used, just as `lambda` should be avoided when `def` is an option.
Open questions ==============
1. What happens if the name has already been used? `(x, (1 as x), x)` Currently, prior usage functions as if the named expression did not exist (following the usual lookup rules); the new name binding will shadow the other name from the point where it is evaluated until the end of the statement. Is this acceptable? Should it raise a syntax error or warning?
2. The current implementation  implements statement-local names using a special (and mostly-invisible) name mangling. This works perfectly inside functions (including list comprehensions), but not at top level. Is this a serious limitation? Is it confusing?
3. The interaction with locals() is currently slightly buggy. Should statement-local names appear in locals() while they are active (and shadow any other names from the same function), or should they simply not appear?
4. Syntactic confusion in `except` statements. While technically unambiguous, it is potentially confusing to humans. In Python 3.7, parenthesizing `except (Exception as e):` is illegal, and there is no reason to capture the exception type (as opposed to the exception instance, as is done by the regular syntax). Should this be made outright illegal, to prevent confusion? Can it be left to linters?
5. Similar confusion in `with` statements, with the difference that there is good reason to capture the result of an expression, and it is also very common for `__enter__` methods to return `self`. In many cases, `with expr as name:` will do the same thing as `with (expr as name):`, adding to the confusion.
..  Proof of concept / reference implementation (https://github.com/Rosuav/cpython/tree/statement-local-variables)
This document has been placed in the public domain.
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