[Python-Dev] PyPy 1.7 - widening the sweet spot

Maciej Fijalkowski fijall at gmail.com
Mon Nov 21 11:36:33 CET 2011

PyPy 1.7 - widening the sweet spot

We're pleased to announce the 1.7 release of PyPy. As became a habit, this
release brings a lot of bugfixes and performance improvements over the 1.6
release. However, unlike the previous releases, the focus has been on widening
the "sweet spot" of PyPy. That is, classes of Python code that PyPy can greatly
speed up should be vastly improved with this release. You can download the 1.7
release here:


What is PyPy?

PyPy is a very compliant Python interpreter, almost a drop-in replacement for
CPython 2.7. It's fast (`pypy 1.7 and cpython 2.7.1`_ performance comparison)
due to its integrated tracing JIT compiler.

This release supports x86 machines running Linux 32/64, Mac OS X 32/64 or
Windows 32. Windows 64 work is ongoing, but not yet natively supported.

The main topic of this release is widening the range of code which PyPy
can greatly speed up. On average on
our benchmark suite, PyPy 1.7 is around **30%** faster than PyPy 1.6 and up
to **20 times** faster on some benchmarks.

.. _`pypy 1.7 and cpython 2.7.1`: http://speed.pypy.org


* Numerous performance improvements. There are too many examples which python
 constructs now should behave faster to list them.

* Bugfixes and compatibility fixes with CPython.

* Windows fixes.

* PyPy now comes with stackless features enabled by default. However,
 any loop using stackless features will interrupt the JIT for now, so no real
 performance improvement for stackless-based programs. Contact pypy-dev for
 info how to help on removing this restriction.

* NumPy effort in PyPy was renamed numpypy. In order to try using it, simply

   import numpypy as numpy

 at the beginning of your program. There is a huge progress on numpy in PyPy
 since 1.6, the main feature being implementation of dtypes.

* JSON encoder (but not decoder) has been replaced with a new one. This one
 is written in pure Python, but is known to outperform CPython's C extension
 up to **2 times** in some cases. It's about **20 times** faster than
 the one that we had in 1.6.

* The memory footprint of some of our RPython modules has been drastically
 improved. This should impact any applications using for example cryptography,
 like tornado.

* There was some progress in exposing even more CPython C API via cpyext.

Things that didn't make it, expect in 1.8 soon

There is an ongoing work, which while didn't make it to the release, is
probably worth mentioning here. This is what you should probably expect in
1.8 some time soon:

* Specialized list implementation. There is a branch that implements lists of
 integers/floats/strings as compactly as array.array. This should drastically
 improve performance/memory impact of some applications

* NumPy effort is progressing forward, with multi-dimensional arrays coming

* There are two brand new JIT assembler backends, notably for the PowerPC and
 ARM processors.


It's maybe worth mentioning that we're running fundraising campaigns for
NumPy effort in PyPy and for Python 3 in PyPy. In case you want to see any
of those happen faster, we urge you to donate to `numpy proposal`_ or
`py3k proposal`_. In case you want PyPy to progress, but you trust us with
the general direction, you can always donate to the `general pot`_.

.. _`numpy proposal`: http://pypy.org/numpydonate.html
.. _`py3k proposal`: http://pypy.org/py3donate.html
.. _`general pot`: http://pypy.org

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