How can I get a list of all public symbols in Python librararies

Steve Holden sholden at
Thu Nov 2 22:45:43 CET 2000


Sorry, didn't see your original post.

> >
> > >  | In order to build support for dictation of Python code, I need a list of
> > >  | all the symbols (functions, methods, classes, variables) defined in the
> > >  | standard Python libraries.
> > > [...]
> > >  | Any suggestions on what would be the easiest way to get such a list?
> > >
Well, I have this little program which should provide you with a sorted list
of the functions, classes and methods.  Sorry, don't do anything about the

On my laptop (Celeron 300 Thinkpad) it takes about fifteen seconds to process
the whole top level of the Python 1.5.2 library, producing just over 2800
lines of output. It should work with Python 2 as well, and it should be easy
to make it work over a whole directory tree if you want to analyse the packages
as well as the modules.

This last is left as an exercise for the reader...

# Index python module files' function and class definitions.

import sys, string, re, glob, os.path

p = re.compile(r"([\t ]*)(def|class)\s*(\w+)\s*(.*):$")

def slen(s, tlen=8):
    """Returns effective length of string, allowing for tabs of given
    r = 0
    for c in s:
        if c == " ": r = r+1
        elif c == "\t": r = ((r+tlen)/tlen)*tlen
    return r

def process(filename):
    """Extract class, function and method definitions from a file.

    Returns a sortable list of references, each created by setof()."""
    lengths = [0]
    names = ["__main__"]
    types = ["builtin"]
    clen = 0
    ll = open(filename).readlines()
    bname = os.path.basename(filename)
    r = []
    for i in range(len(ll)):
        m = p.match(ll[i])
        if m:
            s = slen(
            if s > clen:
                clen = s
            elif s < clen:
                clen = s
                del types[-1]
                del names[-1]
                types[-1] =
                names[-1] =
            except KeyError:
                print "Impossible keyword:",
            r.append(setof(types, names, bname, i+1))
    return r

def setof(types, names, fn, i):
    """Produce a quintuple for a class/method/function reference.

    Value returned is (sort_name, name, type, line_number, filename)."""
    # print "###", types, types[-2:]
    if types[-2:] == ['class','def']:
        type = 'Method'
        name = '%s [%s]' % (names[-1], names[-2])
    elif types[-1] == 'class':
        type = 'Class'
        name = names[-1]
    elif types[-1] == 'def':
        type = 'Function'
        name = names[-1]
        type = '   ???'
        name = names[-1]
    return (string.lower(name), name, type, i, fn)

r = []
for pat in sys.argv[1:]:
    fn = glob.glob(pat)
    for f in fn:
        r = r + process(f)


for rr in r:
    print "%-8s %-40s %5d: %s" % (rr[2], rr[1], rr[3], rr[4])

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