Andrew Hodgson writes:
> I want to set up as a production environment, the idea is we will
> be getting people used to the MM3 interface and ways of working
> before we eventually migrate when 3.1 becomes available. I would
> have posted this to the users list, but recent traffic on there
> regarding MM 3.0 has been redirected to the dev list.
FYI, this is the kind of thing that would be perfectly reasonable and
useful to post to Mailman Users. It deals with general Python, email,
and OS-level knowledge and doesn't really require even knowing that
Mailman 3 is a collection of three programs integrated by a REST API.
I'll deal with finding an appropriate place in the docs, no need to
repost to MM Users.
> My confusion relates to the virtual environment that I create. I
> am running from the dedicated MM3 user I created, and I am looking
> to expand the bundler from the user’s home directory in /home (for
> example). When I create the virtual environment, the files are all
> held in this directory, and I really want the MM3 to be installed
> system wide as this will be the only program running on this
"System wide" doesn't really have any meaning in Unix, and especially
not for pure network services. What benefits do you expect from a
"system wide" installation?
> Do I even need to create a virtual environment at all?
No, but it is still recommended. The basic problem is what Windows
developers refer to as "DLL hell" -- different programs require
different versions of the same external software. AFAIK, several of
the dependencies of the Mailman 3 suite are still specified as exact
versions, not "this version or later", because this helps ensure a
constant environment for bug diagnosis.
>From your point of view, what this means is that if you upgrade
Mailman using a new virtual environment for each upgrade, you can
revert to an older version simply by stopping the new version and
starting the old version. (Assuming file formats don't change, of
course, but at least Mailman detects those and for upgrades will
upgrade them automatically.) It takes a few more minutes for each
installation, but can save many hours of hair pulling downtime due to
dependency conflicts at installation and mysterious bugs at runtime.
Because Mailman 3 is still evolving rapidly, I suspect you may find
new versions very attractive. I would put my money on the virtual
environment approach until a Mailman 3 package is available in Debian
"testing" if I were you. At that point, the whole issue evaporates.
> Are there any other guides relating to setting up MM3 for a purely
> production environment with minimal dependencies?
Probably not yet. If you decide to go that way, please do tell us
about your experience. :-)